Erichthonean Museum of Acropolis / Christos Papoulias

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A critical proposal on the Acropolis Museum in Athens competitions, completed in 1991 by Greek architect and professor Christos Papoulias (pdf link).

The architect suggests a museum entirely below the ground surface, build in a now invisible 17m high gap between two walls of the rocks’ phases, the Mycenaean and the Classical when the Acropolis’ rock was significantly expanded to it’s current retaining wall.




Uncovered by early 20th century excavations between the two walls, this gap today is visible only through a series of shafts left by the archaeologists (scroll for photos). These shafts and the now buried gap between the two retaining walls of the acropolis became the site for Christos Papoulias’ Erichthonean Museum of Acropolis proposal.


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The museum would inhabit the south and south east part of the Acropolis plateau and could be visible only through it’s entrance. One of the existing caves would offer an exit down to the south side of the acropolis hill, leading the visitor to the fascinating but mostly overlooked theater of Dionysus and other important archaeological sites like the Odeion of Perikles, the choregic monuments, the Asklepieion, the stoa of Eumenes and the Odeion of Herodes Atticus.


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The walls of Erichthonean museum would be the originally visible base 17m high base of the Parthenon and the floor a series of carefully placed platforms, would mimic the roughly poured concrete that the archaeologists have long used to make the slippery rock accesible to visitors.


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christos papoulias proposal on acropolis museum interiors

christos papoulias proposal on acropolis museum interior


The original drawings from The Erichthonean Museum belong now to the collection of the Pompidou Center in Paris.

Christos Papoulias on his project: I called this project the Erichthonean Museum of Acropolis as a way of separating myself from what I considered mistaken museological ideas in the official competition program from the new museum. I worked with a new museological idea which took into consideration the city, the archaeological site and the topological characteristics.

photos of the shafts from the early 20th century excavations and the 17m high base of the Parthenon.

acropolis athens secret wall gap

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Ville Suspendue / Takis Zenetos

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Electronic Urbanism, an avant-garde speculative project on town planning and electronics, by Takis Zenetos (1926-1977), the brilliant architect who designed some of the most beautiful buildings in Greece during the 60′s and early 70′s.

The basic idea of Electronic Urbanism, which Zenetos designed, developed and investigated from 1952 to 1974, is the creation of a system with diverse levels and locations for different urban functions, primarily residential, suspended from natural environments (as cantilevers or mountains) and integrated with all communications technologies, that allow wide-ranging connections among people and social groups.

He invented his overhanging cities as mega-constructions in tension that gradually would cover the Earth’s surface, though without stirring it up. The only interference with the ground is the nodal connections in combination with the foundations of the pylons.

Takis Zenetos suspended City ville suspendue 1





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The environment. Urban structure coexists with nature. Variation with pneumatic modules (at stage of formation)

Partial plan of a typical sector in the suspended city. The horizontal sections are taken at several typical levels

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Zenetos proposes a society where working engines free the humans from boring rituals. To explain this, he wrote,“This free time that will result will give a new dimension to relations between cohabiting individuals, which will be heard by the quiet contemplation of the essence of things…” (source)


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Takis Zenetos city

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Takis Zenetos suspended City 3d

A 3D model from Electronic Urbanism project, by Y. Orfanos and D. Papadopoulos in 2003.

“Takis Zenetos was a genuine idealist, contemplating the vision of a new future enlightenment, a period of ultimate universal egalitarianism and progress for the people. In his time, he was understood by very few, while for the majority he was associated with the blurred elusiveness of a myth. Nowadays with this work we are able to conceive him for what he really represents: a prophet not only of his time but also of the century after him.”
Andreas Yakoumatos, Digital visions and Architecture,
Authors: Eleni Kalafati, Dimitris Papalexopoulos, Edilstampa, Athens 2006. (source)

Greek /english link on Takis Zenetos work here

Takis Zenetos’ profile @ Τriangle Μodernist Ηouses there

More @ Angelos Floros issuu docs:

Rethink Athens Rethink

Rethink Athens is a European Architectural Competition organized and funded by the Onassis Foundation promoting the revitalization of the Athenian center. Undoubtedly, this is the most ambitious effort, among a series of architectural competitions on public spaces or buildings, to shape downtown Athens and stimulate growth towards resiliency – to use the socially friendly mirror term of sustainable development.

The competition was set against the background of a crisis that during the past years has magnified urban and social ills – not to mention nationalist spirit, and this is probably the reason that the results have generated an unprecedented political paraphernalia on the Athenian urbanism.

While waiting the much promised debate on the objectives and development of the project, worths considering other proposals that have contributed in their way, yet barely discussed.

The second prize was awarded to a group of young architects (Kiki Ilousi, Oihana Iturritxa Kerexeta, Dimitris Gourdoukis, Theodora Christoforidou, Katerina Tryfonidou, Fotis Vasilakis) whose proposal, much alike the winning one, figured a network of open and green spaces around the central intervention axis, integrated in the Athenian ecosystem.


The utopian proposal award went to Kostas Tsiambaos and Myrto Kiourti who suggested a different land ownership structure stating that “the catalyst towards a new city center will be its active and responsible citizens and not its superficially redesigned image”.


The winning proposal “One Step Beyond” was submitted by OKRA, in collaboration with Mixst urbanism and Wageningen University. In the forthcoming months, OKRA will develop a plan scheduled for implementation in 2015, under the auspices of the Onassis Foundation and via European Funding. Provided that such an option is still on the table…

[previously published at funnelme]

kiosk for OCC / Werner Maritsas


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Werner Maritsas Onassis' kiosk dtl5

A plywood movable kiosk I’ve designed in 2010 for the promotion of OCC, a Greek new cultural center, based in Athens.

The design -inspired by the architectural values of the building hosting the events-  offers various morphological properties. Besides the full or half version of the kiosk, user can easily create different types of desks or stands, according to function and location, by subtracting  or adding certain parts.

Designs and model photos following.

a3. views 2  a1. CUBE opseis.theseis ergasias a0. view

a0. cover

werner maritsas kiosk

SANY0256 a2. intro

a5 sinarmologisi

Design + photos Werner Maritsas

You may find more here and there